Τρίτη, 18 Μαρτίου 2014

Wild flowers of Crete




Crete has around 2000 types of plants. A huge rate of these are endemic, with 10% developing just on Crete and no place else on the planet.
 100 types of Crete's endemic plants develop just in a particular region of Crete, the Lefka Ori mountain reach (White Mountains) in the Chania range.
 An extra 38 species are restricted to just 2 spots on the planet - Crete and  Karpathos.
 The Red Data Book of Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece incorporates 67 plants which develop on Crete, of these, 30 develop in the Lefka Ori. A few plants in Chania are very imperiled - two of these species are recorded in the index of 50 most debilitated Mediterranean island plants.
 Rethymnon, Chania, Heraklion and Lassithi all hold a gigantic assortment of plant species with numerous rarities.
 The way of Crete's vegetation with the numerous species which are endemic to Crete is demonstrated by its relative segregation as it split far from terrain Greece in excess of 5 million years prior and its rugged nature which makes numerous segregated natural surroundings untouched by present day life and advancement.
 In its 8,336 square kilometres of surface range, 260 kilometres from east to west and between 12 to 60km from north to south, the assorted qualities of living spaces on Crete make singular eco-frameworks in which specific plants thrive.
Many of these, rare flowers can be also found, in the area of Plakias, specially in Kotsifos  and down Kourtaliotis gorges.
All these places are close to Labyrinth Studios.

The vegetation zones/areas are isolated as takes after: 
• Coastal or littoral range at an elevation of 0-20 metres
• Lowland at an elevation of 20-300 metres
• Semi or sub-precipitous 300-800 metres
• Mountainous 800-1800 metres
• Sub Alpine 1800-2200 metres
• Alpine + 2200 metres


                                       Sea Daffodil (Pancratrum maritimum), Elafonissi and Plakias Crete
                                            

                                                           Almond Tree Blossomed

wild blooms, for example, Sea Lily (Pancratium maritimum), Tamarisk (Tamarix cretica), Cretan Theophrastus Palm (Phoenix theophrastii) are found close to the ocean.

Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), Oleander (Nerium oleander), Camomile (Chamomilla recutita), Spearmint (Mentha spicata), Myrtle (Myrtus communis), Cretan Ebony (Ebenus cretica) on the fields.

At a higher elevation, Holm Oak (Quercus coccifera), Thyme (Thymus capitatus), Broom/crop (Spartium junceum), Cretan (Cyclamen creticum), (Iris cretica), Tulip (Tulipa orphanidea), Ligaria (Vitex agnus-castus) and numerous types of orchids - endemic Dactylorhiza romana, Ophrys lutea, Ophrys tenthredinifera, Ophrys cretica, Barlia robertiana.
 Yellow Mustard Violet (Erysimum creticum), Wild Violet (Viola cretica), (Crocus oreocreticus), Cretan Sfentami (Acer sempervirens) develop in the mountains.
 Cretan Dittany (Origanum dictamnus) in gorges/ravines.
 Ladania (Cistus incanus-creticus), Common Poppy (Papaver rhoeas).
 Semi-rugged regions - Cretan Tulip (Tulipa cretica), (Arbutus unedo), (Styrax officinalis), Drakontia (Dracunculus vulgaris).
 The canyons of southern Chania hold numerous uncommon and endemic plants. The Samaria Gorge alone holds over 400 diverse plant species, with 1/5 being endemic. In Rethymnon, the foothills of Kedros, close Spili are well known for orchids, with practically 25 species developing here. Crete has numerous extraordinary orchids.

Cretan Iris (Iris cretensis), Crete

Cretan Iris (Iris cretensis), Crete



Crown or Poppy Anemone (Anemone coronaria), Crete
                       
                                             Crown or Poppy Anemone (Anemone coronaria), Crete

 Each season has its own particular novel presentation of colourful, scented, sweet-smelling wild blossoms and herbs.

 

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